命令分隔符

  • | pipes (pipelines) the standard output (stdout) of one command into the standard input of another one. Note that stderr still goes into its default destination, whatever that happen to be.
  • |& pipes both stdout and stderr of one command into the standard input of another one. Very useful, available in bash version 4 and above.
  • && executes the right-hand command of && only if the previous one succeeded.
  • || executes the right-hand command of || only it the previous one failed.
  • ; executes the right-hand command of ; always regardless whether the previous command succeeded or failed. Unless set -e was previously invoked, which causes bash to fail on an error.